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  Country Profiles
 A Brief Description of Tanzania

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General
Tanzania has an area of 945,000 km2 and a population of approx. 46 million. The highest mountain (Mt Kilimanjaro) in Africa and the greatest national park (Serengeti) in the world are located in Tanzania. It is an integral part of the
East African Community, an entity similar to the European Union.
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Demography/Society
Most Tanzanians are of Bantu origin. However, there are numerous Arabs, as well as Indians, Pakistanis, Europeans, Somalis and people of mixed ethnicity. There are about 120 ethnic groups, but Tanzanian society is very cosmopolitan, with different ethnic groups intermarrying frequently. Thus Swahili is ubiquitous.
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Geography/Politics
Being a union of Tanganyika (i.e. the mainland) and Zanzibar, Tanzania is officially called United Republic of Tanzania. It is the only East African country which has access to all the largest lakes (Victoria, Tanganyika and Nyasa) and also has a very long coastline at the Indian Ocean.